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Assessment of Multi-Hazard Resilience in Remote Coastal Towns in Northern Chile Through Community Mapping and Comparative Study of Post Tsunami Reconstruction Strategies of Coastal Tourist Communities of Chile and Japan

Last updated September 12, 2017

Aim and Contents

Chile is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world, and can be affected by drought, floods, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, forest fires, and earthquakes. The country has made significant progress in improving its infrastructure, early warning systems and urban planning, improving its resilience against the multiple hazards it frequently faces. However, most of its mitigation measures are still being focused on single type of hazards, even though most of the coastline can suffer from a variety of events. To look at such issues, the RE Chile unit analyzed the multi-disaster preparedness, mitigation strategies and community awareness and preparedness of Chañaral City in northern Chile (which was hit by flash floods in 2015 and 2017, suffers from heavy metal pollution and could potentially be affected by a large earthquake and tsunami in the future) through focus group discussions and participatory mapping exercises with community leaders.

Students also had an opportunity to understand reconstruction strategies and community perception from various viewpoints, by conducting key informant interviews in Dichato in southern Chile, which had been severely damaged by the 2010 tsunami. The data collection on the post disaster reconstruction strategies in Dichato will be compared with the situation in Kirikiri in Otsuchi town in Northern Japan, which has been devastated by the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake and Tsunami, during the RE Tohoku unit in late September 2017.

--Written by Shyam Kularathna, Doctoral Student, GPSS-GLI--

 

Keywords

Multi-Hazard Disaster Resilience, Community Mapping, Reconstruction and revitalization

 

Time and Place

Chanaral City in Northern Chile, Concepcion City in Southern Chile, Santiago and Valparaiso in Central Chile (From 3rd-12th Aug 2017)

 

Collaborating partners/ organizations

Prof. Rafael Aranguiz, Universidad Católica de Concepcion, Chile

Prof. Gonzalo Bacigalupe, Universidad Católica, Chile

Prof. Rodrigo Cienfuegos, Universidad Católica, Chile

 

 

Related faculty members

Project Associate Professor Miguel Esteban

 

Outcome

Journal paper 'Assessing Tsunami Awareness in Remote Coastal Towns in Northern Chile Through Community Mapping" &
Journal paper on "Comparative analysis of post tsunami reconstruction strategies in Coastal tourist destination in Japan and Chile"

 

Interview with the Mayor and the city office officials in Chañaral City

Filed observations in Talcahuano area and interviews with locals

Visit to the 'Shoa' Early warning Center in Valparaiso

Interviews with community association members in Dichato

Community Mapping Exercise with the community leaders in Chañaral

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